The term stakeholders refers to all individuals and/or groups who can reasonably be expected to be affected by, or can affect project operations. Stakeholder may include local community members, government agents and agencies, commercial and industrial enterprises, labor unions, academics, religious groups, national social and environmental groups, public sector agencies, the media, etc.


  • World Bank. n.d. “Social Analysis: Glossary of key terms”. World Bank Website. Washington D.C.: The World Bank. Available online at:
    [Last Accessed 22 October 2013].